Bahamas Criminal Proceedings - What Happens Where
Proceedings are instituted in the name of the Queen in the Supreme Court and in the name of the Commissioner of Police in the Magistrate's Court.
• The Magistrate's Courts hear summary matters or indictable matters which may be heard summarily. Stipendiary and Circuit
Magistrates have jurisdiction to impose a maximum sentence offive (5) years.
They also conduct preliminary inquiries in indictable matters to determine whether a prima facie case has been made against an accused person.
If a prima facie case is made out, the accused is committed to the Supreme Court to stand trial.
• If the person is tried and convicted in the Magistrate's Court, an appeal lies to the Supreme Court or to the Court of Appeal, depending on the nature of the offence.
• An appeal may lie from the Court of Appeal to the Judicial Committee of Her Majesty's Privy Council, which is the highest Court of Appeal in The Bahamas.
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